Me yasa ake lissafin PV ta (watt) maimakon yanki?

Tare da haɓaka masana'antar photovoltaic, a zamanin yau mutane da yawa sun shigar da hotunan hoto a kan rufin kansu, amma me yasa ba za a iya ƙididdige shigarwar tashar wutar lantarki ta hanyar yanki ba?Nawa kuka sani game da nau'ikan nau'ikan samar da wutar lantarki na photovoltaic?
Shigar da rufin gidan wutar lantarki na photovoltaic me yasa ba za a iya ƙididdige shi ta yanki ba?
Ana ƙididdige tashar wutar lantarki ta Photovoltaic ta watts (W), watts shine ƙarfin da aka shigar, ba bisa ga yanki don ƙididdigewa ba.Amma ƙarfin shigar da yanki kuma yana da alaƙa.
Domin yanzu kasuwar samar da wutar lantarki ta kasu kashi uku: amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules;polycrystalline silicon photovoltaic kayayyaki;monocrystalline silicon photovoltaic modules, kuma shine ainihin abubuwan samar da wutar lantarki na photovoltaic.
Amorphous silicon photovoltaic module
Amorphous silicon photovoltaic module a kowace murabba'in kawai matsakaicin kawai 78W, mafi ƙanƙanta kawai kusan 50W.
Fasaloli: babban sawun ƙafa, ƙarancin ƙarfi, ƙarancin juzu'i, ingantaccen sufuri, lalacewa da sauri, amma ƙarancin haske ya fi kyau.

Polycrystalline silicon photovoltaic module
Polycrystalline silicon photovoltaic kayayyaki a kowace murabba'in mita yanzu ya zama ruwan dare a kasuwa 260W, 265W, 270W, 275W
Halaye: jinkirin attenuation, tsawon rayuwar sabis idan aka kwatanta da monocrystalline photovoltaic module farashin don samun fa'ida, kuma yanzu yana kan kasuwa a.ginshiƙi mai zuwa:

Monocrystalline silicon photovoltaic
Monocrystalline silicon photovoltaic module kasuwar iko gama gari a cikin 280W, 285W, 290W, 295W yanki shine kusan murabba'in murabba'in 1.63.
Features: in mun gwada da polycrystalline silicon daidai yankin hira yadda ya dace kadan mafi girma, farashin mana, fiye da farashin polycrystalline silicon photovoltaic kayayyaki zuwa mafi girma, rayuwar sabis da polycrystalline silicon photovoltaic kayayyaki m guda.

Bayan wasu bincike, ya kamata mu fahimci girman nau'ikan nau'ikan hotovoltaic daban-daban.Amma ƙarfin da aka shigar da kuma yankin rufin yana da alaƙa sosai, idan kuna son yin lissafin rufin nasu za a iya shigar da girman tsarin, da farko, don fahimtar rufin nasu na wane nau'in.
Gabaɗaya akwai nau'ikan rufin guda uku waɗanda aka shigar da samar da wutar lantarki a kansu: rufin ƙarfe mai launi, rufin bulo da tayal, da rufin siminti.Rufaffiyar rufin sun bambanta, shigar da na'urorin wutar lantarki na photovoltaic sun bambanta, kuma yankin da aka shigar da wutar lantarki ya bambanta.

Launi karfe tayal rufin
A cikin tsarin karfe na launi karfe tayal rufin shigarwa na tashar wutar lantarki na photovoltaic, yawanci kawai a gefen kudu maso gabas na shigarwa na kayan aikin photovoltaic, shimfidar rabo na kilowatt 1 yana da girman mita 10, wato, 1 megawatt (1). megawatt = 1,000 kilowatts) aikin yana buƙatar amfani da yanki na murabba'in mita 10,000.

Rufin tsarin tubali
A cikin tsarin tubali rufin shigarwa na tashar wutar lantarki na photovoltaic, gabaɗaya za a zaɓa a cikin 08: 00-16: 00 ba wani yanki na inuwa wanda aka yi tare da samfuran photovoltaic, kodayake hanyar shigarwa ta bambanta da rufin ƙarfe na launi, amma rabon kwanciya yayi kama. Hakanan kilowatt 1 ya yi lissafin yanki na kusan murabba'in mita 10.

Planar kankare rufin
Shigar da tashar wutar lantarki ta PV akan rufin lebur, don tabbatar da cewa na'urorin sun sami hasken rana mai yawa kamar yadda zai yiwu, mafi kyawun kusurwar kwance a kwance yana buƙatar tsarawa, don haka ana buƙatar wani tazara tsakanin kowane jere na kayayyaki don tabbatar da cewa ba su kasance ba. inuwa ta inuwar jeri na baya-bayan nan.Sabili da haka, yankin rufin da aka mamaye duk aikin zai kasance mafi girma fiye da fale-falen fale-falen ƙarfe na launi da rufin villa inda za'a iya shimfida kayan aikin.


Shin yana da tasiri don shigarwa na gida kuma za'a iya shigar dashi?
Yanzu aikin samar da wutar lantarki na PV yana samun goyon baya sosai daga jihar, kuma yana ba da tsarin da ya dace na ba da tallafi ga kowane wutar lantarki da mai amfani ya samar.Takamaiman manufofin tallafin da fatan za a je ofishin wutar lantarki na gida don fahimta.
WM, wato, megawatts.
1 MW = 1000000 watts 100MW = 100000000W = 100000 kilowatts = 100,000 kilowatts 100 MW naúrar kilowatts 100,000 ne.
W (watt) shine naúrar wutar lantarki, Wp shine ainihin naúrar ƙarfin baturi ko tashar wutar lantarki, shine taƙaitawar W (power), ma'anar Sinanci ma'anar ikon samar da wutar lantarki.
MWp shine naúrar megawatt (power), KWp shine naúrar kilowatt (power).

Ƙarfin wutar lantarki na Photovoltaic: Sau da yawa muna amfani da W, MW, GW don bayyana ikon da aka shigar na PV wutar lantarki, kuma dangantakar da ke tsakanin su shine kamar haka.
1GW=1000MW
1MW=1000KW
1KW=1000W
A cikin rayuwarmu ta yau da kullun, mun saba amfani da "digiri" don bayyana yawan wutar lantarki, amma a gaskiya yana da kyakkyawan suna na "kilowatt a kowace awa (kW-h)".
Cikakken sunan "watt" (W) shine Watt, mai suna bayan mai kirkiro na Burtaniya James Watt.

James Watt ya kirkiro injin tururi mai amfani na farko a shekara ta 1776, inda ya bude sabon zamani wajen amfani da makamashi da kuma kawo dan Adam cikin "Age of Steam".Domin tunawa da wannan babban mai ƙirƙira, daga baya mutane suka sanya sashin wutar lantarki a matsayin "watt" (wanda aka gajarta da "watt", alamar W).

Ɗauki rayuwarmu ta yau da kullum a matsayin misali
kilowatt daya na wutar lantarki = awa 1 kilowatt, wato kilowatt 1 na kayan lantarki da aka yi amfani da su a cikakken nauyi na awa 1, daidai digiri 1 na wutar lantarki da aka yi amfani da su.
Ma'anar ita ce: iko (kW) x lokaci (awa) = digiri (kW a kowace awa)
Misali: na'urar 500-watt a gida, kamar injin wanki, ikon 1 hour na ci gaba da amfani = 500/1000 x 1 = 0.5 digiri.
A ƙarƙashin yanayi na al'ada, tsarin PV 1kW yana haifar da matsakaita na 3.2kW-h kowace rana don gudanar da kayan aikin da aka saba amfani da su:
30W kwan fitila na lantarki don 106 hours;50W kwamfutar tafi-da-gidanka na 64 hours;100W TV na 32 hours;100W firiji don 32 hours.